There are arrays of tests for both men and women but usually depends on the causes and severity of infertility in each individual. Most times when assisted reproductions are considered, the woman is administered different fertility drugs to boost her chances as well as improve ovulation.
The following are possible risks associated with fertility treatments:
1. Drug reaction - this may be mild or severe. Mild cases could be in the form of headaches, restlessness, hot flushes, feeling irritable or down.
2. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) - This occurs when the ovaries hyper react to the drugs and produced too many egg sacs (follicles). OHSS can lead to painful and enlarged ovaries and fluid build up in the abdominal cavity. It is mostly commonly in IVF treatments and usually starts within a week of egg collection or later. Most cases f OHSS are mild and clear up after a few days of treatment at home. Common symptoms include pain in lower belly, swollen or bloated belly, feeling of nausea.
In severe cases, the patient may experience severe pain in the belly, difficulty in breathing, having dark wee, feeling very thirsty, vomiting, tenderness in legs etc.
3. Multiple births - This has been noted to be the single greatest risk associated with fertility treatments. Multiples in twins, triplets and higher pose great health risks to the mother. There is risk of the baby being both premature, risk of cerebral palsy, gestational diabetes in mothers, hypertension, and pre-eclampsia. Miscarriage between 11 and 23 weeks is twice as high for twins as it is for single babies. It is five times as high for twins who share an umbilical cord.It’s good to discuss your options with your doctor.
4. Ectopic Pregnancy - This occurs when an embryo implants outside the uterus. Chances are increased with women having IVF and with known problems with their tubes.
It is characterized by a one-sided low abdominal pain, fllowed by vaginal bleeding or dark brown or red vaginal discharge. The pain progresses as pregnancy advances. Please contact your doctor immediately you noticed any of these symptoms.