What is Laparoscopy and risks of the procedure

This is a minimally invasive surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen through a small incision on the abdomen. It is usually conducted when diagnosis with other non-invasive methods have proved abortive. It is performed with the aid of an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the abdominal organs. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at the front. The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the camera sends images to a video monitor.

In the case of any defect, it can be corrected with operative laparoscopy which involves placing instruments through ports in the scope and through additional, narrow (5 mm) ports which are usually inserted at the top of the pubic hair line in the lower abdomen.

The procedure is usually conducted under general anaesthesia or local depending on the country and takes a minimum of 20 mins and may exceed 4 hours depending on how complicated the case maybe.
Aside investigation the reproductive organs, it is also conducted to investigate the: appendix, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, small and large intestine, spleen, stomach and pelvic.

Risks with Laparoscopy
Bleeding and Infection
Damage to other structures in the pelvis such as the bladder, ureter, bowel and blood vessels.
Inflammation of the abdominal wall
Blood clot, which could travel to your pelvis, legs, or lungs
These risks are usually uncommon especially if the procedure is expertly conducted.

Before the Procedure: Avoid eating and drinking for at least eight hours.
As a result of the anaesthesia, it’s wise to

invite a friend or family member to drive you home after the procedure.

References: healthline.com, advancedfertility.com,